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Shavuot Primer

Shavuot Primer

Shavuot is the second to the three Regalim or Pilgrimage Festivals it celebrates several themes, the anniversary of receiving the Torah at Sinai and as well it is the holiday of the first fruits.  As opposed to Passover and Sukkot there are no specific rituals or mitzvot that are biblically mandated on the holiday.  No Matzah, no Lulav, no Seder, no Sukkah.  The primary tradition of Shavuot is the study of Torah and the reading of the 10 commandments.  

In typical years the synagogue would host an all night learning program.  As we are still under the physical distancing protocols, we will be hosting a virtual learning session the night before, click here connect online at 7:00 pm. 

We are also providing a self study packet, click here to register for your at-home learning material and snack pack.  Or use this packet developed by some of the best Jewish Teachers of our day including Rabbi Jonathan Sacks Maggid - https://mailchi.mp/korenpub.com/uu1ezd23e1

Erev Shavuot.  

  1. One should prepare an Eruv Tavshilin, which permits cooking for shabbat on Yom Tov. https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/2327/jewish/Eruv-Tavshilin.htm
  2. For the prayer services for Shavuot you may download from this  link
  3. Koren- https://mailchi.mp/korenpub.com/v4xiaurx26

 

The second day of Shavuot is Shabbat therefore one may not cook food on Shabbat and one should light Shabbat/ Yom Tov candles no later than 8:49 PM.  

Yizkor 

  1. The text can be found at this link Koren- https://mailchi.mp/korenpub.com/v4xiaurx26 on page 503. 
  2. We will be holding a virtual Yizkor as our communal memorial gathering on Thursday the 28th at 10:30 am.
  3. The Yizkor candle should be lit on Friday afternoon, before your shabbat candles are lit. 
  4. Further information on the laws and customs of Shavuot can be found here https://www.ou.org/holidays/shavuot/hilchos-uminhagei-shavuos/

 

Prayer at Home Guidance 

Thursday Night- May 28th 

  • Ma’ariv for Yom Tov with the proper insertions for Shavuos. Ma’ariv should not begin before tzeis hakochavim which is at 10:10 pm.

  • Kiddush for Yom Tov with Shehechiyanu.

  • Shavuos night learning 

Daytime (Friday)

  • The earliest time for talis is misheyakir, which as at 3:55 am. One who stayed up for the entire night, should try to time davening so that one reaches the Amidah at sunrise, which is at 5:14 am.

  • Berachos for one who stayed up the entire night:

    • If one slept for a half hour at night, even if it was in the course of learning, one may recite all of the berachos.

    • The beracha of netillas yadayim may be recited when washing one’s hands (with a cup) after using the restroom, provided that it is after alos hashachar (2:43 am).

    • The beracha on tallis (gadol) may be recited. If someone doesn’t wear a tallis and wants to fulfill the beracha on tzitzis, one can either hear the beracha from someone who wears a tallis or one can switch to a different pair of tzitzis (either before or after davening) and recite the beracha. 

    • Elokai Neshama and Hama’avir Sheina are usually recited by someone who slept that night on behalf of those who didn’t. If nobody is available to recite those berachos, they are omitted. In such a situation, one should have in mind to fulfill the beracha of Elokai Neshama when reciting the beracha of Mechaye HaMeisim in the Amidah. If a member of the household who didn’t stay up wakes up before the learner who stayed up the whole night goes to sleep, that person can recite these two berachos for the learner.

    • If one slept on Thursday afternoon (and certainly if one slept Thursday night), one may recite Birchos HaTorah. If not, one can listen to the berachos from someone who did sleep. If nobody is available to recite the berachos, one should have in mind to fulfill these berachos when reciting Ahavah Rabbah. If one fulfills these berachos with Ahavah Rabbah, one must learn a portion of Torah immediately after davening without interruption (reading the Torah portion would count).

  • Birchos Kerias Sh’ma begin with המאיר לארץ.

  • Shacharis Amidah for Yom Tov with the proper insertions for Shavuos followed by complete Hallel with its berachos.

  • The Torah reading for the first day is בחדש השלישי (Shemos 19:1-20:23), the maftir is וביום הבכורים (Bamidbar 28:26-31) and the haftarah is from Yechezkel 1:1-28, 3:12.

  • There is no requirement to recite Akdamos when davening at home but one is permitted to do so. 

  • Mussaf Amidah for Yom Tov with the proper insertions for Shavuos.

  • Anim Zemiros should not be recited without a minyan. Shir shel yom for Friday.

  • Mincha Amidah for Yom Tov with the proper insertions for Shavuos.  Mincha should be recited before shekiyah (sunset) which is at 9:06pm. If one is accepting Shabbos early, one should recite Mincha before plag hamincha which is at 7:28pm.

  • If one prepared an eiruv tavshilin before Yom Tov, one may cook on Yom Tov for Shabbos. One should try to ensure that all of the food that is cooked is potentially edible by sundown (9:06pm). For this reason, some communities have the practice of accepting Shabbos early whenever an eiruv tavshilin is used. This is the recommended practice. One cannot accept Shabbos before plag hamincha (7:28pm). Friday night candle lighting should take place after plag hamincha and no later than 8:48 pm. Once the candles are lit, all of the stringencies of Shabbos are in effect.

  • The beracha for candle lighting is להדליק נר של שבת ויום טוב.

Second Day of Shavuos

Friday Night- May 29th

  • An abridged קבלת שבת is recited that begins with מזמור שיר ליום השבת. We also omit במה מדליקין.

  • We recite both ושמרו and וידבר before the Amidah.

  • Ma’ariv Amidah is for Yom Tov with proper insertions for Shavuos and Shabbos.

  • Vayechulu is recited after the Amidah followed by Aleinu.

  • Kiddush for Yom Tov with proper Shabbos insertions. Kiddush begins with יום הששי. Shehechiyanu is recited.

Shabbos Day- May 30 

  • Birchos Kerias Sh’ma begin with הכל יודוך followed by ק-ל אדון.

  • Shacharis Amidah for Yom Tov with the proper insertions for Shavuos and Shabbos, followed by complete Hallel with its berachos.

  • Megillas Rus is traditionally recited with the tzibur at this point  — The custom to read Megillas Rus was clearly instituted only for a tzibur. Nonetheless, one may read Megillas Rus without a tzibur. One should be conscious of the fact that such a reading would not constitute a fulfillment of the original minhag.  

  • The Torah reading for the second day is עשר תעשר (Devarim 14:22-16:17), the maftir is וביום הבכורים (Bamidbar 28:26-31) and the haftarah is from Chabakuk 2:20-3:19. One may recite Yetziv Pisgam (though it is not required).

  • Yizkor can be recited without a minyan. One should make sure to pledge money to tzedakah before reciting Yizkor.

  • Av HaRachamim should be recited (even if one does not recite Yizkor).

  • Mussaf for Yom Tov with proper insertions for Shavuos and Shabbos.

  • Anim Zemiros should not be recited without a minyan. Shir shel yom for Shabbos.

  • Mincha for Yom Tov with proper insertions for Shavuos and Shabbos.

  • Shekiyah (sunset) is at 9:08 pm. Mincha should be completed before shekiyah and  Shalosh Seudos should begin before shekiyah.

Motzaei Shabbos-May 30th at night 

  • Weekday Amidah should be recited including Atah Chonantanu.

  • ויהי נועם is recited.

  • Kiddush Levanah should be recited (weather permitting).

  • Havdalah is the standard Havdalah for Motzaei Shabbos. 

Sun, 12 July 2020 20 Tammuz 5780